Electoral Bond and Political Transparency: Balancing Confidentiality and Accountability in Political Funding

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Published On: 3rd May, 2024

Authored By: Rohit Kumar
Jannayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia (U.P)


Electoral bonds have been introduced in India in 2018 and since then it has been a subject of debate and discussion in this arena. Electoral bond is nothing but a financial instrument which were designed to simplify the process of political funding and bring transparency in to the political system. However, there have been time,  when concerns have been raised about the impact of electoral bonds on the political transparency as well as its accountability. The article explores the various aspects of electoral bonds, its implications for political transparency. And the challenges of bringing confidentiality and accountability in the process of political funding.


 We all know that Political parties have several task involved in their daily course of activity and also in elections across the globe.  It plays a very important role in the functioning of democratic systems around the world. These funds are used for several reasons such as :-

a) political parties to finance their day to day activities, movements

b) run election campaigns,

c) and meet election expenditure

Moreover, the sources of money for election purposes have been kept in top secrecy, and this coupled with concerns over corruption, lobbying, and compromised public interests.

To ensure that electorates know the source of money donated to political parties or candidates, the government introduced electoral bonds into the Indian electoral system. Electoral bonds can be purchased from authorized banks at a cost and redeem them to any political party.

Consequently, one of its most notable aspects is that the donors’ information would be kept a secret, promoting the confidentiality of the donations. The proponents of the bill argue that the electoral bond is intended to introduce transparency in election funding and facilitate honesty in the elections.

They also claim that the anonymity of donors prevents any fear of retribution or bias based on their political affiliations.

However, drawback of electoral bonds raise concerns that it lacks transparency and accountability in the political funding process. Because, here the donor’s identity is not disclosed to the public and not even to the Election Commission. Actually, there are worries about potential misuse of the system for money laundering or funding illegal activities. In recent days, we are seeing that all the critics are being verified. This lack of transparency can also lead to questions about the influence of big donors on political parties and policies.

The next part we  will delve deeper into the various aspects of electoral bonds and their impact on political transparency, here we will examining both, the arguments in favor of electoral bonds and the criticisms against them. The article will also explore potential solutions to enhance transparency and accountability in political funding while maintaining the confidentiality of donors.


  1. Electoral Bonds: An Overview
    • Meaning  of electoral bonds and its purpose
    • How these electoral bonds works
    • Legal framework  which are governing electoral bonds in India
    • Comparison of electoral bonds with traditional forms of political funding
  2. Arguments in Favor of Electoral Bonds
    • Transparency increased in political funding
    • Encouraging legitimate donations through formal channels
    • Protection of donor confidentiality to prevent retribution
    • Accountability through tracking and monitoring of donations
  3. Criticisms of Electoral Bonds
    • Lack of transparency due to anonymous donations
    • Potential for misuse of funds for illegal activities
    • Influence of big donors on political parties and policies
    • Challenges in tracking and monitoring donations
  4. Impact of Electoral Bonds on Political Transparency
    • Analysis of the effects of electoral bonds on political transparency
    • Case studies and examples of how electoral bonds have influenced political funding
    • Comparison of transparency levels before and after the introduction of electoral bonds
  5. Balancing Confidentiality and Accountability
    • Challenges in maintaining donor confidentiality while ensuring accountability
    • Potential solutions to enhance transparency in political funding
    • Role of regulatory bodies in monitoring and regulating political donations
    • International best practices in political funding transparency
  6. Future Prospects and Recommendations
    • Evaluation of the effectiveness of electoral bonds in promoting transparency
    • Recommendations for improving the transparency and accountability of political funding
    • Potential reforms to the electoral bond system to address criticisms and concerns
    • Importance of public awareness and engagement in promoting political transparency


The issue with electoral bonds is stirring up concerns because it seems to lack transparency and accountability in how political funding works. You see, the problem is that the identities of the donors aren’t made public, not even to the Election Commission. This secrecy has sparked worries that the system could be exploited for shady activities like money laundering or funding illegal stuff. And lately, it seems like all those concerns raised by critics are proving to be true. This lack of openness also makes people wonder about the sway that big donors might have over political parties and their decisions.

Next, we’ll take a closer look at electoral bonds and how they affect political transparency. We’ll dig into both the arguments supporting them and the criticisms against them. Plus, we’ll brainstorm some ideas on how to make political funding more transparent and accountable while still keeping donors’ identities confidential.

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