Reviving Voices: Ethical and Lawful AI Unveiled in Posthumous Works of Art

Published On: 5th April, 2024

Authored By: Preyansi Anand Desai
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda


Artificial intelligence (AI) bridges the gap between technical innovation and ethical issues by allowing musicians to regain their voices. This article examines this new phenomenon and provides a full study of its various repercussions. I study the ethical, legal, and creative consequences accompanying the intersection between posthumous creativity and artificial intelligence, as well as the intricate network that results. Based on thorough, excellent research, I provide a sophisticated moral framework for approval, usage, and commercialization. Additionally, I negotiate the murky territory of intellectual property rights in the digital era to better understand the complicated legal environment. It also witnesses the domain of creative faithfulness, where concerns about tangible realism and emotional resonance are critical. I support a nuanced strategy that recognizes the possibilities for innovation and taxation while keeping a close eye on how best to honor a decedent’s legacy and advance technology. I must remove restrictions and uphold the rights and dignity of the departed as guardians of artistic expression, all the while opening the door for quickly evolving AI-driven artistic endeavors.


Artificial Intelligence can be termed as the science and engineering of making intelligent machines in the words of Stanford Professor John McCarthy.[1] In the ever-evolving world of modern society, where technical advancements continue to push the boundaries of human inventiveness, the arrival of AI represents a fundamental shift. The use of AI and sophisticated algorithms to bring a deceased singer back to life is one especially contentious application of this technology. This article goes into great length on the intricate ethical, legal, and creative issues surrounding his use of AI as motivation.

Here, at the nexus of technology and art, it offers people fascinating stories that delve deeply into the origins of human creativity and dignity. The concept of utilizing a singer’s voice after their passing raises serious ethical questions since it is becoming more and more difficult to discern between imitation and authenticity in the digital age. When it comes to the question of whether an artist can truly give their agreement to the use of their voice after death, consent really becomes an issue. Additionally, because of capitalist incentives, the integrity of artistic expression is called into question about the profitability of the artist’s property.

The legal profession is also enmeshed in complex intellectual property rights, and the artificial intelligence section that oversees voice reconstruction has created additional complexity that current systems are unable to control. Should we rely on commissioned humans, living property artists, or AI technological angels?

These moral and criminal complications are shadowed by inventive integrity, which compels us to remember what it is to be authentic in the era of digital reproduction. The distinctive intonation and emotive resonance of a singer’s voice are emblematic of their inventive nature; yet, the use of AI jeopardizes this genuineness by blurring the line between the real and the fake. As custodians of the creative past, we must respect the holiness of creative expression while simultaneously appreciating the forward-thinking possibilities presented by technology.

In conclusion, the combination of AI with postmortem vocalization of a deceased singer generates a complex web of moral, legal, and artistic concerns that call for caution and discernment. There may also be a future that strikes a balance between innovation, human dignity, and artistic integrity by carefully weighing the legacy of the departed and taking a nuanced approach to those issues.


Many ethical blunders that need to be carefully considered are at the center of the debate over the application of AI. Among these, the consensus problem is the most significant. Can an artist who has passed away truly continue to utilize their voice indefinitely? The exploration of the origins of freedom and liberty in this thesis leads to grave concerns regarding the boundaries of individual rights in the digital era. Furthermore, their potential for exploitation casts a shadow over the ethical environment. Is it morally appropriate to use a singer’s digital comeback for personal benefit, especially when there seems to be little support? We must balance our respect for creative property with the ethical obligations of business as a result of this misunderstanding.

Concerns about the moral obligations of AI users to uphold the integrity of expressive art also stem from the artist’s commercial voice. Society must address the ethical consequences of AI-powered technology and the posthumous voice it has given rise to with strong ethical policies. These regulations must be carefully calibrated to preserve artists’ rights and dignity while also fostering innovation to prevent the voices of departed artists from being used as commodities for profit.


When it comes to the usage of AI to replicate the voice of a deceased musician, there are several intricate intellectual property issues from an Indian legal standpoint. It becomes more crucial to first address the question of who owns a voice that has been restored. According to the Indian Copyright Act,[2] the intellectual property belongs to the inventor or their successors in most cases. However, it’s unclear who owns things made by artificial intelligence.

Many may argue against the possibility of having an artificial intelligence-powered reconstruction of a professional singer’s voice. AI technology developers can claim ownership by arguing that the AI model is an artistic form of expression that needs to be safeguarded to protect the property of artists and their rights to be asserted, particularly if they have paid for the creation or are using it for commercial gain.

India’s present copyright regulations could, nonetheless, make it unclear who owns AI-generated content, including voice recordings of performers who have passed away.

In addition, there may be moral rights violations resulting from the employment of AI to mimic the voice of a deceased vocalist, especially concerning the integrity and reputation of the respective artist. Indian artists are entitled to a moral claim to ownership of their work and to stop it from being changed or misrepresented, even in cases when copyright is transferred to a third party. To preserve moral authority and pay tribute to the creative heritage of the musicians who have passed away, AI voices for their songs must be used.

It is also crucial to carefully consider both moral rights and intellectual property laws when considering the criminal consequences of using AI to mimic the voice of a deceased musician in India. Enactments aimed at addressing the particular challenges posed by AI-generated clothing are necessary to protect the rights of all parties concerned, maintain the integrity of artistic expression, and preserve historical past refurbishment.

The Integration

Considering Indian legal rules and cultural concerns, the implications of using AI to replace a departed singer’s voice are immense and complex, particularly concerning imaginative integrity. This conversation centers on the understanding that a singer’s body of work is connected to their unique identity and that their voice, in all of its genuineness and uniqueness, is one of its essential elements.

Indian copyright law incorporates the concept of ethical rights, which makes it possible to preserve the integrity of new works. Under Section 57[3] of the Copyright Act of 1957, authors are guaranteed moral rights. These include the right to claim authorship of a work and the right to prevent any alterations that would harm their reputation. This sentence serves as evidence of India’s determination to uphold the creative integrity of artists beyond the framework of commercial rights.

When it comes to the employment of AI to mimic the voice of a departed performer, the topic of artistic integrity is particularly sensitive. Though technology might replicate the timbre and intricacies of a deceased artist’s voice with remarkable realism, artificial intelligence has the potential to degrade the authenticity of their gift. Even though the voice has been meticulously recreated, the actual recordings may have imparted more emotional depth and close resonance. Along with the integrity of the creative expression, this calls into question the veracity of the artist’s purported message and emotional impact.

The emotional effect and cultural significance of the original recordings might also be diminished by the widespread usage of AI-generated voice replicas of artists who have passed away. Artists portray cultural history and collective nostalgia in a way that is specific to a location and time by being authentic in their sentiments and life experiences. AI-generated replicas that update or supplement those real recordings run the risk of undermining the artist’s body of work’s cultural validity and historical significance.

In managing the relationship between artificial intelligence and creative expression, politicians, technologists, and artists must exercise caution as prospective cultural historians. The potential for technological innovation exists, but it must be tempered with a profound respect for the authenticity of the past-due singer’s body of work and the cultural heritage it represents. By properly applying AI generation following moral and criminal guidelines, we may maintain the innovative history of the vocalists who have passed away while laying the road for future generations to follow an innovative yet traditionalist course.

Role of WIPO

More specifically, in the context of international criminal processes and intellectual property rights, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is crucial to the interaction between AI and the voice of a late musician. WIPO is charged with fostering innovation and creativity as well as offering global protection for intellectual property rights in its capacity as an official employer of the UN.

A few of the subjects related to AI mimicking the voice of a deceased singer are covered by WIPO. First and foremost, WIPO serves as a forum for international cooperation and discussion among member governments, participating events, and experts on novel topics in intellectual property law, particularly those arising from technological advancements such as synthetic intelligence. Through providing a forum for the exchange of positive practices and the introduction of global guidelines and standards, WIPO encourages discussions about the moral, legal, and policy implications of using AI in the creative industries.

Furthermore, WIPO has a significant impact on how intellectual property rights are handled by the global legal system. Two treaties maintained by WIPO, the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, provide fundamental protection standards for artists and rights holders around the globe. The expertise of WIPO is crucial in interpreting and improving AI-generated products to address the specific issues raised by AI-driven creative works, such as the voice replication of a late singer.

Furthermore, WIPO provides potential-building packages to member nations to assist them in strengthening their intellectual property laws and navigating complex issues related to creativity and AI. WIPO assists countries in developing criminal codes and enforcement strategies that balance the interests of users, rights holders, and creators in the digital age through policy guidance, technical assistance, and training initiatives.

Increasing public knowledge and understanding of intellectual property rights and the societal implications they entail is another of WIPO’s responsibilities. Through engaging with stakeholders from a variety of sectors, including artists, technologists, policymakers, and the general public, WIPO facilitates a conversation on the ethical, criminal, and societal ramifications of AI-driven introduction, including the posthumous use of an overdue singer’s voice.

To put it briefly, WIPO serves as a focal point for global cooperation, the development of policies, and the enhancement of skills in the field of intellectual property rights, which includes aspects like creative expression and synthetic intelligence. The world’s response to the ethical, legal, and media concerns posed by AI usage to mimic the voice of a deceased musician has been shaped in large part by WIPO. To maintain a balance between innovation and the protection of intellectual property rights and cultural heritage, WIPO makes use of its resources and experience.


Artificial Intelligence being utilized to revive singers signals a contemporary shift in India’s creative environment, both in the short and long term. However, this innovative technology also comes with creative, legal, and moral complications, so a cautious and nuanced approach is required. We must treat the system seriously and with unwavering respect for the legacy of the departed, even though there is undoubtedly space for innovation and devotion.

With the arrival of the AI-driven age, similar debates and discussions concerning the moral, legal, and creative implications of employing AI to imitate the voices of departed artists have been sparked worldwide. This process comes with legal risks, including intellectual property infringement. In many cases, it also poses legal questions that are still being resolved.[4] Also, there is a need to evaluate how IP should protect AI and AI-based systems such as algorithms.[5] Permission, possession, and artistic integrity are issues that nations worldwide grapple with within the specific frameworks of their criminal justice systems and cultural milieus. Legislative modifications have been proposed or passed in several jurisdictions to address these specific challenges as a result of rising awareness of the necessity to regulate contemporary criminal frameworks to account for advancements in AI technology.

In this rapidly changing world, cooperation across several stakeholders is essential. Artists, engineers, criminal experts, ethicists, and lawmakers must work together to develop ethical norms and jail frameworks that utilize AI’s revolutionary potential while still acknowledging the uniqueness of the deceased. We can create an environment that values open communication and mutual appreciation in order to walk the tightrope between creativity and respect. This will ensure that innovation powered by AI serves as a catalyst for the correct alternative while also honoring the rich cultural legacy of our forebears. We can only advance AI-driven creativity while protecting the integrity and genuineness of creative expression for future generations by working together on such coordinated projects.


[1] Professor Christopher Manning, Artificial Intelligence Definitions, Stanford HAI (Sep. 2020),

[2] Indian Copyright Act, 1957, No. 14, Acts of Parliament, 1957 (India)

[3] Indian Copyright Act, 1957, S 57, No. 14, Acts of Parliament, 1957 (India)

[4] Gil Appel, Juliana Neelbauer, and David A. Schweidel, Generative AI has an Intellectual Property Problem, Harvard Business Review (Apr. 7, 2023),

[5] Shawaiz Nisar, Algorithms and Intellectual Property- The Complexity in Protection, Mondaq Newsletters (Feb. 17, 2022),

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